The United States Census Bureau splits all insurance coverage into two groups. It is either private coverage or coverage through the government. These two groups have divisions within each group. There are three divisions in the private coverage group; and likewise, three divisions in the governmental group.
The government insurance coverage is classified as Federal Health Care Plans, State Health Care Plans and Local Health Care Plans. Each plan is funded by the government at that level. In addition to these three classifications, there are six categories of government insurance coverage. They are Medicare, Medicaid, SCHIP, Military Health Care, State-specific plans and Indian Health Service.
Most people know that Medicare is for people sixty-five and over and for some people with disabilities who are under sixty-five. Many people have heard of Medicaid, and know that it is Health Care for low income but are not really sure what the coverage area includes.
Medicaid is one of the State Health Care Plans which is administered by the state and was developed for low or no-income families. This insurance is not for individuals or people who are married with no children, unless they are blind, disabled or aged and are in financial need. Depending on the state, Medicaid may be called by a different name.
SCHIP or the State Children’s Health Insurance Program is one of the State Health Care Plans that is given matching funds from the federal government so that health insurance may be provided to families with children. SCHIP was created to give health insurance to families with children who have income that is high enough they do not qualify for low income programs such as Medicaid and have no other source of insurance for their children.
Every state has one of the approved State Health Care Plans for SCHIP coverage. Each state can develop their own SCHIP eligibility requirements and policies, but they must stay within the wide-ranging federal guidelines. In some states, the SCHIP funds can be used to cover pregnant women, the parents of children who are also receiving benefits from Medicaid, and other adults.
However, even with this coverage in place the number of uninsured children in the United States continues to rise. The Vimo Research Group conducted a study in October of 2007 that concluded 68.7 percent of these children were in families whose incomes were two hundred percent of the federal poverty level or higher. Several states had deficits in their SCHIP funding in fiscal year 2008.