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Something You Must Know About Colonoscopy Colonoscopy can actually be a life saving procedure as it is capable of detecting cancer. It isn’t always something to which patients are looking forward to but, it’s an effective yet easy way of preventing colon cancer before this becomes a deadly condition. It can help to alleviate concerns that you might have prior to going into the process by knowing the things to expect. Men as well as women need to undergo the procedure at the age of 50. It needs to be repeated once every 5 to 10 years until they are 75 years old. And depending on doctor’s findings, it can be crucial to have such procedure done. Those who have immediate relative who’s been diagnosed with polyps or colon cancer before reaching 60 must start screening at the age of 40. Anyone who has disorder that might predispose them to cancer risk like ulcerative colitis might need to undergo colonoscopy at earlier age, which is determined by a physician. Before you start with anything, only clear liquids and foods have to be consumed which includes broth, water, tea, clear juices, gelatin and coffee without cream and never consume anything that’s purple, blue or red. The doctor might require the patient as well to stop taking some medications for a set period of time prior to the procedure. It might be necessary as well to take antibiotics. Having a bowel preparation needs to be done in order to get a better view of the colon. Typically, this will start on the day before and include anything like laxative pill that’s to be taken with enough fluids, prepared laxative solution that may be mixed with a sports drink or electrolyte solution and enema that is washing out the colon.
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Always make sure to complete the preparation as what instructed by your physician. If this isn’t done according to specifications, then there is a possibility that the doctor won’t be able to see clearly through your colon.
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To do the procedure, the patient has to be sedated through the use of an anesthesia. If there are some things that the doctor is concerned of, he/she is going to remove anything that they might see. A biopsy can also be taken for an examination and the procedure can last from anywhere to 20 to 60 minutes. The patient afterwards will take a rest for at least an hour as the sedation wears off. The patient must have someone who will drive him/her home as the sedation medication would make them feel drowsy. Expect feeling minimal cramps and discomfort.